Ritual Tools Used to Honor Goddess Hathor Found in Ancient Egyptian Temple Mound

A medieval temple mound at Kafr El-Sheikh north of Cairo in Egypt has just been tangled by a team of archaeologists. A collection of unique antique ceremonial objects has been uncovered surrounding a stone symbol representing the goddess Hathor.

The discovery of “a series” of tools was revealed by Archeologists working at Tel al-Fara, an ancient Egyptian site in the Kafr El Sheik region north of the capital city. Perhaps better known as “devices,” the strange spectrum of so-called “tools.” They were not employed for constructing but to perform religious rites in honour of Hathor the goddess of love, the head of a cow or ears, most of them.

The temple mound site where ritual treasures were unearthed. Credit: Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Between the Predynastic Period ( 5000-4,000 BC) and Old Kingdom (2686–2181 BC), Pharaenix Temple (Bhutto), which found artefact collections, was functional. The location was later abandoned and revived in the 8th century BC. Tel al-Fara was the legendary abode of the “Wajit,” the tutorial goddess of Lower Egypt, who became the spiritual matriarch and heavenly guardian of Ancient Egypt, as stated by Dr Mustpha Waziri, Secretary General of the Archeological Council. Hathor, also the guardian of monarchs and women in childbirth, was often portrayed with a sundisk (uraeus,). Hathor was therefore revered as the child heaven deity Horus’s nurse, which was also known as the “wadjet eye.”


Clay Guardians Surrounding A Golden Eye

The Temple site consists of three separately constructed mounds, according to Dr Mustafa Waziri. Two of them functioned as early home villages, while the third mound covered the whole site. According to Waziri, the hilltop contains a ceremonial bath made of bricks, in between a layer of tiles, from a “panio hall, a lava sink, a water heater, and a bathroom that is supplied or drained to a high standard,”

Archaeologists initially found a very undifferent calcareous pillar in the biggest mound. However, it was found in the picture of goddess Hathor when they dug the stone. Other digs revealed that the symbol was encircled by faience incense burners, the head of the Horus deity nursed by the Hathor goddess being one of them.

The ancient Egyptian Hippo Goddess of pregnancy Taweret, and the deity Thoth, sometimes portrayed as an “ibis-headed man,” were unheard-of two tiny clay sculptures. It is thought that another collection of clay figures was employed particularly for the God Hathor in ceremonial ceremonies. Furthermore, according to the Ministry’s statement, the researchers uncovered “a big birth holder, a tiny birth chair, the pure Ujat gold eye (Wadjet), and gold-wide scale remains used for gold making,”


Bespoke Rituals Directed at The Goddess Hathor

In conclusion, Waziri claimed it would most probably be “soon situated inside a group, on a sandy mountain in the South of the Goddess Wajit’s Shrine, of stepped stone blocks.” The head of the latest excavations, Dr Hossam Ghanim and the general director of Kafr El-Sheik, also pointed out that “a large construction of polished, inside the calcareous stone is a well for holy water utilised in daily rituals.”

Dr Mustafa Waziri stated they are “significant” in all these findings because they reflect the functional instruments that “have indeed been utilised to execute the rites of the daily religious devotion of deity Hathor.” An article on says that poor farmers performed the “Five Gifts of the Hathor Ritual” in ancient Egypt. The purpose of this everyday practice was to “encouraged thankfulness by reminding everyone that they were thankful, regardless of losses.”


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