Israeli Archaeologists Discover a Magnificent Ancient Gold Ring

The ring, weighing 5.11 grams, was discovered on the ruins of a massive Byzantine-period winemaking plant.

“The owner of the ring was wealthy, and wearing the diamond denoted their rank and money.” Such rings might be worn by both men and women, according to Dr Amir Golani, an IAA expert on ancient jewellery.

“A semi-precious stone known as amethyst was set in the ring.”

“In the Bible, amethysts are described as one of the 12 precious stones worn by the Temple’s high priest on his ceremonial breastplate.”

“Many qualities have been ascribed to this gem, including the avoidance of the hangover, a side effect of drinking.”

“Did the individual who wore the ring seek to avoid drunkenness from excessive wine consumption?” “We’ll probably never know,” IAA archaeologist Dr Elie Haddad remarked.

“The ring was discovered within 150 metres from the remnants of a large storehouse used to store wine jars (amphorae).”

“Some of the jars were discovered upside down on their mouths, and it’s possible that there was a warehouse full of empty jars before they were carried to the winepresses to be filled with wine.”

“It’s likely that the gorgeous ring belonged to the owner of the great warehouse, a foreman, or simply an unlucky guest who dropped and misplaced their priceless ring until it was ultimately recovered by us.”

“We are cautious to date the ring accurately,” the archaeologists added.

“While it was discovered in strata dating to the Late Byzantine – Early Islamic eras (7th century CE), it is feasible that such a ring was passed down for centuries.”

“In fact, gold amethyst rings were rather widespread in the Roman culture,” they continued.

“As a result, the ring might have been passed down from a wealthy individual living in Yavne as early as the third century CE.”

“The little, daily objects uncovered in our digs give us human tales and connect us directly to the past,” stated Dr Eli Eskozido, director of the IAA.

“It’s thrilling to think that the guy or woman who wore the ring is walking right here, in a different world than what we know in today’s Yavne.”

Header image:

The ancient gold ring was found at the Byzantine-period wine production complex in Yavne, Israel. Image credit: Dafna Gazit / Israel Antiquities Authority.

Spread the love

Archaeologists unearth a 2000-year-old’slave chamber’ in an Italian city in an unique find.

Archaeologists in Pompeii said Saturday that they had discovered the remnants of a “slave chamber” in an extremely uncommon find at a Roman mansion devastated by Mount Vesuvius’ explosion about 2,000 years ago.

The little chamber, which had three beds, a pottery pitcher, and a wooden chest, was discovered during an excavation at the House of Civita Giuliana, a suburban villa located just a few hundred metres from the remainder of the old city.

A virtually complete ornate Roman chariot was unearthed here earlier this year, and researchers said Saturday that the chamber most likely housed slaves responsible for cleaning and preparing the chariot.

According to a press release, the “unique testimony” into how “the weakest in ancient society lived. is without a doubt one of the most thrilling findings in my time as an archaeologist.”

When Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD, it blanketed Pompeii in ash, killing anyone who hadn’t managed to flee in time. They were killed by heat shock or crushed by crumbling structures.

Rare insight

The 16-square-metre (170-square-foot) chamber was a mix between a bedroom and a storeroom, with three beds (one of which was child-sized) and eight amphorae tucked away in a corner.

The wooden box included metal and cloth artefacts that seemed to be part of the chariot horses’ harnesses, and a chariot shaft was discovered sitting on one of the beds.

Earlier this year, the corpses of three horses were discovered in a barn during an excavation.

“The chamber offers us a remarkable insight into the everyday existence of slaves,” the Pompeii archaeological park said.

Experts were able to create plaster casts of the beds and other artefacts in perishable materials, which left their impression in the cinerite (volcanic ash rock) that covered them, according to the report.

Slave clan

The beds were built of rough-hewn wooden planks that could be modified to fit the height of the person using them.

The webbed bases of the beds were constructed of ropes and were covered with blankets.

While two were roughly 1.7 metres long, one was only 1.4 metres long and might have belonged to a toddler.

According to the archaeological park, the three slaves might have been a family.

Archaeologists discovered various personal items beneath the beds, including amphorae for intimate items, clay jugs, and what seemed to be a chamber pot.

The room was illuminated by a small upper window, and there are no remains of wall decorations, only a mark left by a lamp placed on a wall.

The excavation is part of a 2017 initiative to combat criminal activities in the region, which includes tunnel digging to obtain artefacts that may be sold on underground marketplaces.

For years, the Villa of Civita Giuliana had been the object of systematic plunder. There were indications that part of the “archaeological treasures” in the Slave Room had also been looted, the park said.

The damage caused by grave robbers at the property has so far been assessed at around two million euros ($2.3 million), according to the report.

Spread the love

New Evidence Suggestions That Tobacco Was Used By Humans 12,000 Years Ago

New evidence suggests that humans smoked tobacco at least 12,000 years ago, according to scientists.

An archaeologist team discovered the evidence in a desert in the western American state of Utah. The excavation was focused on an old fireplace erected by a group of hunter-gatherers. Along with other things, the investigators discovered four charred seeds of a wild tobacco plant.

According to reports, the finding represents the oldest indication of tobacco usage. Stone tools and bird bones were among the other items discovered at the Utah site. The birds, according to the experts, served as sustenance for the community.

Until today, the first recorded usage of tobacco stemmed from the discovery of nicotine within an ancient pipe in Alabama, a southern state. The pipe, which was used for smoking, dates back 3,300 years.

The new discovery was disclosed in research published in the scholarly journal Nature Human Behavior.

According to the experts, the group may have smoked the tobacco or put parts of the plant in their mouths. They believe the users were looking for the pleasurable benefits that nicotine has on the body.

Tobacco use dates back to primitive communities in North and South America. Its usage expanded throughout the world after Europeans arrived more than five centuries ago.

Tobacco becomes a worldwide public health concern. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are over 1.3 billion tobacco smokers worldwide. Tobacco use is blamed for more than 8 million deaths per year, according to the WHO.

Daron Duke is a Nevada-based archaeologist with the Far Western Anthropological Research Group. He was the study’s primary author. Duke told Reuters that tobacco is the “monarch of intoxicant plants” over the world.

“And now we can trace its cultural roots right back to the Ice Age,” he continued.

The seeds belonged to a kind of desert tobacco known as Nicotiana attenuata, which is still found in the area. “This species was never domesticated, but it is still utilised by indigenous people in the area,” Duke explained.

According to scientists, the region was most likely marshland during the time the fireplace was utilised. During the Ice Age, the region had a chilly environment.

The fire’s relics were discovered in regions where the wind has been sweeping surface debris away since the wetland dried up around 9,500 years ago.

Duke remarked of the hunter-gatherers, “We know very little about their culture.” According to him, the most intriguing aspect of the discovery is the “social window it provides to a basic behaviour in an unrecorded past.”

“My mind is free to go wild,” he continued.

Tobacco domestication occurred thousands of years later elsewhere on the continent, according to Duke, including the Southwestern and Southeastern United States, as well as Mexico.

Some scholars believe that tobacco was the first plant domesticated in North America. They believe this occurred as a result of the substance’s societal impacts, rather than for dietary considerations.

Duke believes the discovery shows that hunter-gatherers were skilled tobacco producers long before food necessities pushed investments in agriculture.

Header Image: Archaeologist Daron Duke (L) and colleague Michael Shane work in this undated handout photo released on October 11, 2021, at an ancient hearth dating to 12,300 years ago at the Wishbone site in Great Salt Lake Desert in northern Utah. (Sarah K. Rice/Handout via REUTERS)

Spread the love

Un-BOWL-lievable! With a 3,000-year-old golden bowl with a sun pattern, an archaeologist makes the “find of his life.”

A Polish archaeologist has made “the discovery of his life” after discovering a one-of-a-kind 3,000-year-old gold bowl with a sun pattern.

The gold bowl was discovered in shallow ground in an ancient village used as a site of worship in Ebreichsdorf, Austria, and is constructed of thin sheet metal containing roughly 90% gold, 5% silver, and 5% copper.

Inside, researchers discovered two gold bracelets composed of coiled wire and two clumps of organic material that were mysterious at the time of discovery, measuring 5 cm high and 20 cm in diameter.

One of the most significant archaeological findings in Austria in recent decades, dig director Dr Micha Sip from Pozna stated, “This is the discovery of a lifetime for me.”

“I’ve worked on numerous continents, including Egypt and Guatemala, but I’ve never seen anything like that.”

“This is the first discovery of its sort in Austria.”

“Not only are the numerous bronze and gold items unusual in this area of Europe,” Sip said, “but so is the size of the community we uncovered at Ebreichsdorf.”

He went on to say that just a few vessels of this sort have been unearthed in Spain, France, or Switzerland.

Measuring 5 cm high and 20 cm in diameter, archaeologists, found two gold bracelets made of coiled wire and two clumps of organic material, enigmatic at the time of discovery.
Andreas Rausch

Between 1300-1000 BCE, the village in today’s Ebreichsdorf was occupied by a society known as the Urnfield civilization, according to researchers (the name comes from the custom of cremating the dead and placing their ashes in urns which were then buried in fields).

 

Header Image: Discovered in the shallow ground at a prehistoric settlement used as a place of worship in Ebreichsdorf, Austria, the unique gold bowl is made of thin sheet metal consisting of approximately 90 percent gold, 5 percent silver, and 5 percent copper. Andreas Rausch

Spread the love

Archaeologists have discovered the remnants of a mediaeval wine industry in Israel’s Yavne region.

Yavne, an Israeli archaeological site dating back to the late Bronze Age and late Iron Age, is regarded as one of the most important Jewish historical sites after the Romans destroyed the Temple of Jerusalem in 70 CE. Yavne was apparently a prominent wine producer throughout the Middle Ages. According to a post (and accompanying video) on the Israel Antiquities Authority’s Facebook page, archaeologists have discovered what they say was once a wine industry, perhaps the largest in the world 1,500 years ago during the Byzantine era (IAA).

“Drinking wine was quite widespread in ancient times for both adults and children,” according to the IAA post. “Because the water was not always sanitary or pleasant, wine was sometimes employed as a type of ‘concentration’ to improve the flavour or as a substitute for drinking water,” according to the IAA’s excavation directors, Dr Elie Haddad, Liat Nadav-Ziv, and Dr Jon Seligman.

Prior excavations at Yavne unearthed many Iron Age and Bronze Age burial sites, Philistine artefacts and pottery shards, as well as the ancient city’s port, which was abandoned in the 12th century CE. (The destruction of the port and its fleet in the second century BCE is described in the book of Maccabees, thus it has special significance in Jewish tradition and history.) A gate chamber of a fortress erected during the Crusades, when the city was known as Ibelin, was discovered during a 2005 excavation.

Another 2019 dig turned up several ceramic kilns as well as some gold coins going back to the 9th century CE—gold dinars minted under the North African Aghlabid kingdom. Another 425 gold coins discovered last year dated back to the Abbasid dynasty, some 1,100 years. Archaeologists earlier this year found a 1,600-year-old multicoloured mosaic from the Byzantine period (around 400 CE), complete with decorative geometric designs.

This newest archaeological discovery revealed five winepresses, as well as a stomping floor for crushing grapes and warehouses for storing wine for maturing. Pottery kilns for burning the long clay amphorae (“Gaza jars”) in which the wine was stored were also discovered, together with numerous unbroken jars, tens of thousands of shards, and different children’s toys, among other items. The researchers also discovered even earlier winepresses from the Persian era, dating back around 2,300 years. “The excavation demonstrates a continuation of the wine industry’s existence at the site across many centuries,” the archaeologists stated.

Enlarge / A pair of winepresses for producing wine at Yavne, dating back to the Byzantine period.

“We were shocked to find a sophisticated facility here that was used to make commercial amounts of wine.” “In a statement, the team stated. “Furthermore, ornamental niches in the shape of a conch that decorated the winepresses reflect the factory owners’ enormous riches. An estimate of the winepresses’ output capacity reveals that about two million litres of wine were marketed each year, despite the fact that the entire process was carried out manually.”

“‘Gaza and Ashkelon Wine’ was regarded a premium wine brand of the ancient world, whose reputation had travelled far and wide, similar to how Jaffa oranges identify their provenance and quality today from Israel,” the archaeologists stated further. “Everyone understood this was a Holy Land product, and everyone wanted more and more of this wine.” The wine got its name from being marketed through the ports of Gaza and Ashkelon. Other wine-producing areas are known from the southern coastal plain, but we now appear to have discovered the primary production centre of this famous wine. Commercial amounts were carried from here to the ports and ultimately across the Mediterranean region.”

Spread the love

1,300-year-old skis found in Norway

In September, archaeologists unearthed a 1,300-year-old ski frozen on top of a mountain in Norway, completing the best-preserved set ever discovered.

In September, researchers discovered a 1,300-year-old ski frozen in ice on top of a mountain in Norway, completing a set hailed by Science Magazine as the “best-preserved prehistoric pair of skis on record.”

A general view over a valley in the mountains of south Norway from beside the Lendbreen glacier is seen in this undated picture
(photo credit: REUTERS)

In 2014, another crew discovered the first ski on the mountain, five metres distant from the second. According to Science, the new team waited seven years for the ice to melt before discovering the second ski partially exposed inside the melting ice.

Many artefacts have lately been unearthed in frigid, northern locations like Norway, as glacier melting has increased due to climate change, according to Smithsonian Magazine.

According to the Science article, while parts of skis dating back to 6,000 BCE have been discovered, these specific skis are entirely whole, providing unique insights on how such equipment was utilised.

According to the report, the skis had been “extensively restored,” implying that they were valuable and would have been impossible to replace.

“The skis are handcrafted rather than mass-produced.” According to the Smithsonian, “they had a lengthy and separate history of wear and repair before an Iron Age skier used them together and they wound up under the ice,” said Lars Pil of Norway’s Glacier Archaeology Program (GAP).

Archaeologists previously assumed that the bottom of the skis may have been coated with fur to make uphill travel easier, but the researchers uncovered a wide groove in the middle of the freshly discovered ski, a characteristic that would be worthless if fur had been employed.

“Archaeologists have also discovered many cairns that might have been part of an ancient mountain track. They believe the owner of the skis was a hunter, traveller, or both “according to the Smithsonian Institution

Spread the love

Archaeology makes a breakthrough with the discovery of a Roman temple off the coast of Lebanon.

The 5,000-year-old site lies on an island and is centred around an acropolis in an ancient Greek city. The rectangular-shaped temple was built in the early Roman era, between 31 BC and 193 AD, according to experts. It was extensively remodelled in the late Roman era, between approximately 284 AD and 476 AD. However, the archaeologists, a group of Spanish, Lebanese, and Polish experts, have failed to identify the god worshipped at the temple.

“Its position on a pedestal in the most elevated section of the ancient island underlines this building’s special significance,” said Francisco J. Nunez of the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw.

The researchers also discovered that the building was composed of sandstone pieces and stood on a limestone and sandstone platform.

Dr Nunez also stated that two 26-foot columns of Egyptian pink granite were located on one side of the temple beside a vestibule.

The steps to the doorway were also adorned with stunning carved geometric patterns.

This roadway runs next to a smaller street where another sanctuary has been found.

It was a building with two rooms and a courtyard on a north-south axis, according to archaeologists.

Researchers discovered an Egyptian bas-relief portraying Isis nursing Horus as an infant in one of them.

The experts also believe there was an underground room at the temple’s entrance.

However, evidence shows that during the Byzantine time, the beautiful building was replaced by a basilica, which was destroyed by a tsunami in the sixth century AD.

Researchers are planning to continue works next year (Image: University of Warsaw)

“Overlapping architectural remnants, signs of natural disasters, increasing sea levels, and active urban growth in recent decades have effectively made understanding the character of ancient architecture difficult,” stated Dr Nunez.

While Lebanese excavations at Tyre began in the 1960s, the majority of their documentation vanished as a result of the country’s 1975 civil war.

However, much of this work concentrated on the classical and mediaeval stages.

“Given Tyre’s historical prominence during the Bronze and Iron Ages, we know very few archaeological remains from these times,” Dr Nunez noted.

Our understanding of the old city is primarily restricted to Roman and Byzantine ruins, which are currently centred in two archaeological parks: al-Bass and the Basilica.”

One of the project’s primary goals was to discover the effect of environment, history, and the growth of urbanisation on the historic island of Tyre.

Excavations in the 1970s discovered buildings from several eras that require additional investigation to determine the truth.

However, excavations carried out during that time period unearthed some significant evidence that aids in understanding the history of habitation in this ancient metropolis.

Researchers want to continue their study next year, focusing on both the temple and the surrounding area of the city.

Dr Nunez did, however, clarify that there are more intriguing structures to be discovered.

“There is another massive edifice in the north, possibly another temple, that we would also like to investigate,” he added.

Spread the love

Archaeologists Discover a 1,300-Year-Old Wooden Ski in Norwegian Ice

Join our Facebook community

Archaeologists discovered a single wooden ski frozen in ice on Digervarden Mountain in southern Norway in 2014. According to Andrew Curry of Science magazine, researchers have discovered the other half of the 1,300-year-old pair, which are among the best-preserved antique skis ever discovered.

The newly recovered ski is in better shape than the one discovered seven years ago. This might be due to it being buried deeper in the ice, argues Lars Pil, an archaeologist with Norway’s Glacier Archaeology Program (GAP), on the organization’s blog.

The second ski is significantly bigger than the first, measuring roughly 74 inches long and 7 inches broad. Both have elevated footholds. Leather straps and twisted birch bark bindings discovered with the skis would have been fastened via footing holes. The new ski has evidence of significant wear and will require maintenance in the future.

“The skis aren’t exactly the same, but we shouldn’t expect them to be,” Pil says. “The skis are handcrafted rather than mass-produced.” Before an Iron Age skier used them together and they wound up under the ice, they had a lengthy and individual history of wear and repair.”

Archaeologists are uncovering more evidence of ancient life in cold northern areas, including portions of Norway, as glacier melting rises due to climate change. According to Daniel Burgess for Columbia Climate School’s GlacierHub blog, GAP has discovered several relics attesting to links between Viking-era people of southern Norway’s highlands and the outside world.

“The [discoveries] demonstrate that the high mountains of southern Norway were not isolated places with no outside interaction,” Pil tells GlacierHub.

Archaeologists have been monitoring the region since the first ski was discovered, utilising satellite imagery and, in 2016, an in-person survey.

“We could observe from satellite images this year that the ice patch had receded compared to 2014,” Pil says in the blog post.

On September 20, two researchers went to the site and discovered the second ski firmly embedded in ice about 15 feet from where the first one was discovered. By the time a larger team with better equipment arrived, the area had been re-covered by new snowfall. Fortunately, the crew was able to locate the second ski using GPS data and photos. They used an ice axe and tepid water to release the ski after cleaning the area with a snow shovel.

The Digervarden ice patch has previously revealed relics and monuments connected to reindeer hunting, according to David Nikel of Life in Norway. Archaeologists have also discovered many cairns that might have been part of an ancient mountain track. They believe the owner of the skis was a hunter, traveller, or both.

Following the finding of the first ski, the researchers questioned if its underside had been coated with fur, as other old skis were. The new ski addresses that mystery: it contains a furrow similar to those seen on other ancient and modern skis, which would have served no function if covered, leading researchers to assume that the skis did not have fur.

According to National Geographic, at the conclusion of the last Ice Age, hunters in Europe and Asia began utilising skis to pursue animals. Disputed evidence of skiing found in China stretches back to 8000 B.C.E., but the earliest verified ski, discovered in Russia, dates back to 6000 B.C.E. Archaeologists in Scandinavia have discovered wooden skis and ski-like objects dating back to 3200 B.C.E.

Pil and his colleagues revealed the finding of a centuries-old beeswax candle and a lamb’s wool tunic dated to about 300 C.E. near the Lendbreen ice patch in June, as Gizmodo’s George Dvorsky wrote at the time. That area may be found in the Jotunheim Mountains, just south of Digervarden.

Header image: Close-up view of the repaired foothold of the 1,300-year-old ski Espen Finstad / Secrets of the Ice

Spread the love

According to one study, the usage of bone tools to make clothes goes back 120,000 years.

The development of clothes was a watershed moment in human history. However, because furs and other organic materials used to construct clothes are unlikely to have been preserved in the archaeological record, the origin of clothing remains unknown.

New research headed by paleoanthropologists at Arizona State University shows what may be the earliest evidence for clothes, reaching back as far as 120,000 years.

The research, which was funded in part by the National Science Foundation and published in iScience, describes discoveries made in 2011 in Contrebandiers Cave in Morocco. More than 60 bone tools were discovered, as well as one fashioned from the teeth of a cetacean, such as a whale, dolphin, or porpoise.

The researchers discovered carnivore bones with cut marks among the millions of bone fragments discovered in the cave, suggesting that the bones were skinned for fur rather than processed for meat. The tools and skinned bones, when combined, give evidence for arguably the oldest garment in the archaeological record.

Archaeologists think that the development of clothing enabled early people to expand their niche outside Pleistocene Africa into new settings with new ecological difficulties.

“The research highlights the relevance of a Pan-African role in the evolution of human cultural complexity and helps to show how early humans were able to extend to diverse places and environments,” says John Yellen, programme director in the NSF Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences.

 

JOIN OUR FACEBOOK COMMUNITY

Spread the love

Incredible! An 800-year-old mobile phone has been unearthed.

Archaeologists and space creatures recently made an extraordinary claim, claiming to have unearthed an 800-year-old cell phone.

According to a Mail Online storey, after the experts’ allegation, a fresh discussion has erupted among advocates of conspiracy theories.

A ceramic item from Austria that resembles a modern mobile phone has been discovered by experts.

On this item, which is comparable to an old Nokia mobile phone, there is also something written in letters of an ancient language.

This takes the shape of contemporary buttons. Many people dismiss it as a rumour since they are unfamiliar with the language.

Those who believe in space beings, on the other hand, see it as confirmation of their existence.

This 800-year-old phone, he claims, is proof that extraterrestrial beings visited Earth.

He also stated that this phone demonstrates a voyage into the past and future, i.e. time travel. These folks believe that this model was created by someone who had complete knowledge of the future.

Spread the love